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怎樣用手機android開發

發布時間: 2024-06-16 13:47:24

㈠ 濡備綍浣跨敤Android钃濈墮寮鍙

銆銆Android騫沖彴鏀鎸佽摑鐗欑綉緇滃崗璁鏍堬紝瀹炵幇钃濈墮璁懼囦箣闂存暟鎹鐨勬棤綰誇紶杈撱傛湰鏂囨。鎻忚堪浜嗘庢牱鍒╃敤android騫沖彴鎻愪緵鐨勮摑鐗橝PI鍘誨疄鐜拌摑鍘嬭懼囦箣闂寸殑閫氫俊銆傝摑鐗欏叿鏈塸oint-to-point 鍜 multipoint涓ょ嶈繛鎺ュ姛鑳姐
銆銆浣跨敤钃濈墮API錛屽彲浠ュ仛鍒幫細
銆銆* 鎼滅儲钃濈墮璁懼
銆銆* 浠庢湰鍦扮殑Bluetooth adapter涓鏌ヨ㈠凡緇忛厤瀵圭殑璁懼
銆銆* 寤虹珛RFCOMM閫氶亾
銆銆* 閫氳繃service discovery榪炴帴鍒板叾瀹冭懼
銆銆* 鍦ㄨ懼囦箣闂翠紶杈撴暟鎹
銆銆* 綆$悊澶氫釜榪炴帴

銆銆鍩虹鐭ヨ瘑
銆銆鏈鏂囨。浠嬬粛浜嗗備綍浣跨敤Android鐨勮摑鐗橝PI鏉ュ畬鎴愮殑鍥涗釜蹇呰佺殑涓昏佷換鍔★紝浣跨敤钃濈墮榪涜岃懼囬氫俊錛屼富瑕佸寘鍚鍥涗釜閮ㄥ垎錛氳摑鐗欒劇疆銆佹悳緔㈣懼囷紙閰嶅圭殑鎴栧彲瑙佺殑錛夈佽繛鎺ャ佷紶杈撴暟鎹銆
銆銆鎵鏈夌殑钃濈墮API鍦╝ndroid.bluetooth鍖呬腑銆傚疄鐜拌繖浜涘姛鑳戒富瑕侀渶瑕佷笅闈㈣繖鍑犱釜綾誨拰鎺ュ彛錛

銆銆BluetoothAdapter
銆銆浠h〃鏈鍦拌摑鐗欓傞厤鍣錛堣摑鐗欏彂灝勫櫒錛夛紝鏄鎵鏈夎摑鐗欎氦浜掔殑鍏ュ彛銆傞氳繃瀹冨彲浠ユ悳緔㈠叾瀹冭摑鐗欒懼囷紝鏌ヨ㈠凡緇忛厤瀵圭殑璁懼囧垪琛錛岄氳繃宸茬煡鐨凪AC鍦板潃鍒涘緩BluetoothDevice錛屽壋寤築luetoothServerSocket鐩戝惉鏉ヨ嚜鍏跺畠璁懼囩殑閫氫俊銆

銆銆BluetoothDevice
銆銆浠h〃浜嗕竴涓榪滅鐨勮摑鐗欒懼囷紝 浣跨敤瀹冭鋒眰榪滅钃濈墮璁懼囪繛鎺ユ垨鑰呰幏鍙 榪滅钃濈墮璁懼囩殑鍚嶇О銆佸湴鍧銆佺嶇被鍜岀粦瀹氱姸鎬併 錛堝叾淇℃伅鏄灝佽呭湪 bluetoothsocket 涓錛 銆

銆銆BluetoothSocket
銆銆浠h〃浜嗕竴涓钃濈墮濂楁帴瀛楃殑鎺ュ彛錛堢被浼間簬 tcp 涓鐨勫楁帴瀛楋級 錛屼粬鏄搴旂敤紼 搴忛氳繃杈撳叆銆佽緭鍑烘祦涓庡叾浠栬摑鐗欒懼囬氫俊鐨勮繛鎺ョ偣銆

銆銆BluetoothServerSocket
銆銆浠h〃鎵撳紑鏈嶅姟榪炴帴鏉ョ洃鍚鍙鑳藉埌鏉ョ殑榪炴帴璇鋒眰 錛堝睘浜 server 絝錛 錛 涓轟簡榪炴帴涓や釜钃濈墮璁懼囧繀欏繪湁涓涓璁懼囦綔涓烘湇鍔″櫒鎵撳紑涓涓鏈嶅姟濂楁帴瀛椼 褰撹繙絝璁懼囧彂璧瘋繛 鎺ヨ繛鎺ヨ鋒眰鐨勬椂鍊欙紝騫朵笖宸茬粡榪炴帴鍒頒簡鐨勬椂鍊欙紝Blueboothserversocket 綾誨皢浼氳繑鍥炰竴涓 bluetoothsocket銆

銆銆BluetoothClass
銆銆鎻忚堪浜嗕竴涓璁懼囩殑鐗規э紙profile錛夋垨璇ヨ懼囦笂鐨勮摑鐗欏ぇ鑷村彲浠ユ彁渚涘摢浜涙湇鍔(service)錛屼絾涓嶅彲淇°傛瘮濡傦紝璁懼囨槸涓涓鐢佃瘽銆佽$畻鏈烘垨鎵嬫寔璁懼囷紱璁懼囧彲浠ユ彁渚沘udio/telephony鏈嶅姟絳夈傚彲浠ョ敤瀹冩潵榪涜屼竴浜沀I涓婄殑鎻愮ず銆
銆銆BluetoothProfile

銆銆BluetoothHeadset
銆銆鎻愪緵鎵嬫満浣跨敤钃濈墮鑰蟲満鐨勬敮鎸併傝繖鏃㈠寘鎷钃濈墮鑰蟲満鍜屽厤鎻愶紙V1.5錛夋ā寮忋

銆銆BluetoothA2dp
銆銆瀹氫箟楂樺搧璐ㄧ殑闊抽戱紝鍙浠ヤ粠涓涓璁懼囦紶杈撳埌鍙︿竴涓钃濈墮榪炴帴銆 鈥淎2DP鐨勨濅唬琛ㄩ珮綰ч煶棰戝垎閰嶆ā寮忋

銆銆BluetoothHealth
銆銆浠h〃浜嗗尰鐤楄懼囬厤緗浠g悊鎺у埗鐨勮摑鐗欐湇鍔

銆銆BluetoothHealthCallback
銆銆涓涓鎶借薄綾伙紝浣跨敤瀹炵幇BluetoothHealth鍥炶皟銆備綘蹇呴』鎵╁睍榪欎釜綾誨苟瀹炵幇鍥炶皟鏂規硶鎺ユ敹鏇存柊搴旂敤紼嬪簭鐨勬敞鍐岀姸鎬佸拰钃濈墮閫氶亾鐘舵佺殑鍙樺寲銆

銆銆
銆銆浠h〃涓涓搴旂敤紼嬪簭鐨勯厤緗錛岃摑鐗欏尰鐤楃涓夋柟搴旂敤娉ㄥ唽涓庤繙紼嬭摑鐗欏尰鐤楄懼囦氦嫻併

銆銆BluetoothProfile.ServiceListener
銆銆褰撲粬浠宸茬粡榪炴帴鍒版垨浠庢湇鍔℃柇寮鏃墮氱煡BluetoothProfile IPX鐨勫㈡埛鏃朵竴涓鎺ュ彛錛堝嵆榪愯屼竴涓鐗瑰畾鐨勯厤緗鏂囦歡錛屽唴閮ㄦ湇鍔★級銆

銆銆钃濈墮鏉冮檺
銆銆涓轟簡鍦ㄤ綘鐨勫簲鐢ㄤ腑浣跨敤钃濈墮鍔熻兘錛岃嚦灝戣佸湪AndroidManifest.xml涓澹版槑涓や釜鏉冮檺錛欱LUETOOTH錛堜換浣曡摑鐗欑浉鍏矨PI閮借佷嬌鐢ㄨ繖涓鏉冮檺錛 鍜 BLUETOOTH_ADMIN錛堣懼囨悳緔銆佽摑鐗欒劇疆絳夛級銆

銆銆涓轟簡鎵ц岃摑鐗欓氫俊錛屼緥濡傝繛鎺ヨ鋒眰錛屾帴鏀惰繛鎺ュ拰浼犻佹暟鎹閮藉繀欏繪湁BLUETOOTH鏉冮檺銆

銆銆蹇呴』瑕佹眰BLUETOOTH_ADMIN鐨勬潈闄愭潵鍚鍔ㄨ懼囧彂鐜版垨鎿嶇旱钃濈墮璁劇疆銆傚ぇ澶氭暟搴旂敤紼嬪簭閮介渶瑕佽繖涓鏉冮檺鑳藉姏錛屽彂鐜板綋鍦扮殑钃濈墮璁懼囥傛ゆ潈闄愭巿浜堝叾浠栫殑鑳藉姏涓嶅簲璇ヤ嬌鐢錛岄櫎闈炲簲鐢ㄧ▼搴忔槸涓涓鈥滅數婧愮$悊鈥濓紝灝嗘牴鎹鐢ㄦ埛瑕佹眰淇鏀圭殑钃濈墮璁劇疆

銆銆娉ㄩ噴錛氳佽鋒眰BLUETOOTH_ADMIN鐨勮瘽錛屽繀欏昏佸厛鏈塀LUETOOTH銆

銆銆鍦ㄤ綘鐨勫簲鐢╩anifest 鏂囦歡涓澹版槑钃濈墮鏉冮檺銆備緥濡傦細
銆銆<manifest ... >
銆銆<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH" />
銆銆...
銆銆</manifest>
銆銆閫氳繃鏌ョ湅<uses-permission>璧勬枡鏉ュ0鏄庡簲鐢ㄦ潈闄愯幏鍙栨洿澶氱殑淇℃伅銆

銆銆钃濈墮璁劇疆
銆銆鍦ㄤ綘鐨勫簲鐢ㄩ氳繃钃濈墮榪涜岄氫俊涔嬪墠錛屼綘闇瑕佺『璁よ懼囨槸鍚︽敮鎸佽摑鐗欙紝濡傛灉鏀鎸侊紝紜淇″畠琚鎵撳紑銆

銆銆濡傛灉涓嶆敮鎸侊紝鍒欎笉鑳戒嬌鐢ㄨ摑鐗欏姛鑳姐傚傛灉鏀鎸佽摑鐗欙紝浣嗕笉鑳藉熶嬌鐢錛屼綘鍒氳佸湪浣犵殑搴旂敤涓璇鋒眰浣跨敤钃濈墮銆傝繖涓瑕佷袱姝ュ畬鎴愶紝浣跨敤BluetoothAdapter銆